The Toxic Gas Label

toxic gas class 2.3 label

Toxic Gases – CLASS 2.3

Toxic gases are classified as dangerous goods (class 2.3) and though each mode of transport, (air, sea, road, rail and inland waterway) has its own regulations regarding their use and transportation, they are now largely harmonized with the Model Regulations, published by United Nations Economic and Social Council’s Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.  An important part of ensuring the safe transportation, and end use, of toxic gases is their correct labelling and marking through the Class 2.3 toxic Gas label and placard.
Toxic gases are mostly carried under pressure to reduce their volume and save space in transport and storage. Commonly transported class 2.3 gases include: Chlorine, Phosgene, Arsine, Diborane, Hydrogen Selenide, Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, and Phosphine.

Transporting gases in the uk

In the UK, companies that transport dangerous gases by road are required to comply with ADR (European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road) regulations and also meet certain basic minimum legal safety requirements. A threshold level is set based on a quantity of transport units,  if below the threshold you are exempt from some requirements of ADR but if you exceed the threshold level you are required to comply with the full ADR regulations. Refer to BCGA GN 27, Guidance for the carriage of gas cylinders on vehicles.

It is recommended that gas cylinders are transported in open vehicles, open containers or trailers. If it is necessary to transport gas cylinders inside a vehicle then good ventilation is required. In all spaces, the use of roof ventilators along with side vents will increase the quantity of ventilated air in the vehicle. Once the journey is completed gas cylinders should be removed from the vehicle. If there is any possibility of gas accumulating within a vehicle space then appropriate warning signs are to be displayed. Common hazards come from the use of dry ice (an asphyxiant gas) and also the careless handling and use of welding gas cylinders and equipment leading to a build-up of flammable and oxidant gases. Refer to BCGA CP 31 and BCGA GN 27.

An empty, or partially filled, gas container that has contained a dangerous substance is treated the same as a full container and is therefore subject to all the relevant transport dangerous goods regulations. The container can only be treated as non-hazardous if adequate measures have been taken to nullify any hazards.

Toxic GAS LABEL SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGES

toxic gas label

ADR (Road), IATA (Air) and IMDG (Sea) regulations state that all packages containing dangerous goods must have a warning label and that the label must be in the form of a square set at an angle of 45° (diamond shaped).

The  Class 2.3, toxic gas label for packages must be at least 100 x 100mm, from edge to edge, and it must show a dotted outer boundary line (unless being applied on a background of contrasting colour).  The class number ‘2’ must be shown in the bottom corner and be in text at least 12mm high. Additional text saying ‘Flammable Gas’/’Non-Flammable, Non-Toxic Gas’/’Toxic Gas’ may be shown in the bottom half of the label, but this is not mandatory.

There must be a gap of 5mm between the inner black border and the outer dotted border or the outer edge of the label. The upper half of the label must contain the relevant symbol. The line, flame symbol/gas cylinder symbol and text on class 2.1 and 2.2 labels can either be all black, or all white.

toxic GAS PLACARD SPECIFICATIONS

The Class 2 placard is used for cargo transport units such as freight containers and road/rail tanker vehicles.

Class 2 placards must be at least 250mm x 250mm, from edge to edge, and set at an angle of 45°. The placard must show a dotted outer boundary line (unless being applied on a background of contrasting colour).  The class number ‘2’ must be shown in the bottom corner and be in text at least 25mm high.  Additional text saying ‘Flammable Gas’/’Non-Flammable, Non-Toxic Gas’/’Toxic Gas’ may be shown in the bottom half of the label.

There is no specification for the thickness of the inner line, as yet, but there must be a gap of 12.5mm between this and the outer dotted border or the outer edge of the label.  The upper half of the label must contain the relevant symbol. The line, flame symbol/gas cylinder symbol and text on class 2.1 and 2.2 placards can be either all black, or all white, on a red/green background.

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All Class 2 toxic gas labels and placards manufactured by Hibiscus Plc, comply with IATA/ ICAO, UN ADR/RID and IMDG/IMO requirements, and are made from materials that meet the strict BS5609 standard.  BS5609 is a specification for labels that are intended for marine use, whereby both the ink and the substrate must be able to withstand 3 months continuous immersion in sea water and still be legible and have good adhesion.

We manufacture the toxic gas label at 101 x 101mm on rolls of 250, and as single cut labels at 100x100mm. Class 2 placards, for use in international transportation, are supplied at 250x250mm and 200x200mm for UK transport only.

This article should not be used in substitution for checking the exact requirements in the applicable modal regulations.

 

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